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Andrius Kulikauskas

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God's Question: Is God Necessary?

I present a conceptual framework, God's Dance, which expresses the extent of my own imagination, as to what unfolds when I imagine God's point of view. God's Dance is what unfolds when God asks himself: Is God necessary?

Such a framework is helpful because it outlines what my imagination, or perhaps any human imagination, inherently supposes upon imagining God's vantage point. I wish to know everything and apply that knowledge usefully, and so God's vantage point is very relevant, whether or not God himself is real. Indeed, such a vantage point is fundamental if we are to have absolute truth, an understanding of what any logic assumes, or simply a big picture of life.

I find it helpful to identify God with a state of contradiction, where all statements are true, as we know from mathematics. We can then wonder, how can God give rise to a state of noncontradiction?

My method is to survey and systematize all of the ways that I sincerely imagine God. As I sorted through the ways, I noted that they differ in the pronoun by which we refer to God.

  • In 3 ways, I imagine what God experiences in the first person, "I am God".
  • In 8 ways, I imagine God as the second person, "You are God".
  • In 10 ways, I imagine God in the third person, "That is God".
  • In 3 ways, I imagine that God lives through me. God is God.

Taken together, these 24 ways describe God's dance, which I present.

Let us imagine God all alone, prior to all things, including logic, time, world, thought, being, meaning and love. Such a God might say, "I am God", although such a God has yet to speak, and for such a God being and non-being are all the same, as they are just words.

What could possibly motivate God?

If I think as simply as possible, at the heart of whatever I imagine, with so little defined, I imagine only one issue which might move God. God asks himself, Is God necessary? Would I be even if I was not? And so God proceeds as in a proof by contradiction. If God exists, then God exists. This is what we suppose in the spiritual world. But suppose God did not exist. Even so, ultimately, God should exist. This describes the physical world, or more broadly, the structural world, whatever is void of spirit. God makes way for his nonexistence and considers what will happen.

God thus makes way for the least favorable situation for his existence, which we can think of as our own world, and even, our own lives. Even here, surely God will arise, as I believe is the case with Jesus, although for the purpose of God's exploration it could be, indeed, should be, any of us. At the heart of each of us, then, is a Godling, a drop of God, a shard of God, a child of God. And so there is God who understands and God who comes to understand, who figures out that he is God. But how do they know that they are the same God? It is because they understand the same thing, the same God. We can think of the latter as a lens by which the Godling is equal to the original God. That equality is inherent in the Godling's incredible naivety, when it insists that God be good, and indeed, by its insistence, makes God so. Thus we have God who understands, God who comes to understand, and God who is understood. This says less about God and more about how our imagination variously approaches God. It makes sense of the Holy Trinity - Father, Son and Spirit - without relying on faith or requiring any mystery.

Cognitively, to understand is to separate out. Thus we have God who separates, God who thereby comes to separate, and the same God who is thereby separated. We have three different perspectives as to the same God.

We thus imagine God in terms of three pronouns: first person "I", second person "You" and third person "That". We imagine the God who understands as experiencing "I am God". We imagine the Godling as testifying "You are God". And we imagine God-the-Lens as asserting from the side, "That is God".

We have described three perspectives by which God considers whether God is necessary. But this is how it appears for God who understands. Let us now consider the same question from the perspective of God who comes to understand, for whom God is "You". This yields an additional eight ways of imagining God.

Imagine God who comes to understand they are God. Then this understanding comes after God has removed himself and comes with God reappearing. And so from this vantage point, in our imagination, we do not experience this as an unfolding process but rather as a fulfilling process. For God to remove himself, he must go beyond himself. But he is yet to have a self, and so this self arises as he goes beyond himself. And he has nowhere to go except into himself. Thus he goes beyond himself, into himself and thus gives rise to himself. We may think of God as spirit or activity for which God's self is God's structure, Everything. God's self is God's nonbeing, which closely matches God, reflects God, complements Gods, as a glove matches a hand. God thus finds himself within a system, within conditions. And God within conditions is goodness.

With all of this in mind, we imagine God's going beyond himself in terms of four distinct states: God beyond conditions, God making way for conditions, God entering conditions, and God within conditions.

This highly abstract thinking manifests itself concretely in two very different ways. Consider a lost child. A foolish child will look for her parents, which can make things much worse. Whereas a wise child will realize, "I am the child; they are the parent; they should be looking for me; I will go where they will most easily find me." The latter child is thus able to coordinate with her parent without any communication. It is enough that she is able to appreciate her own conditionality, unlike the foolish child, and to imagine a vantage point beyond. We can recall Jesus, the lost twelve year old, who told his parents, Did you not know that I had to be in my Father's house?

In the Gospels, we can discern a conflict between the Son's and the Father's point of view, where they favor the good child and the bad child, respectively. The Son's vision is given by his Sermon on the Mount, whereby the good children establish through their moral behavior a "kingdom of heaven", where what we believe is what happens, where God is welcome on this earth, and everybody is swayed to join in. The Father's vision is to let us, sinners, hate the Son for being good, make an example of him, realize the evil we have done, repent and be saved. Thus "God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son...", but at the Last Supper, the Son tells the Father, "I don't pray for the world, I pray for my own." And yet, the Son defers, "Not my will, but yours."

We thus have one narrative, that of the "good child", who wonders, "Am I God?", and comes to realize, "Yes, I am God, in that God lives through me, in that I am good." As the good child, we imagine a God beyond our conditions, a God who will find us within them. Such a God fates and knows all things. We can then imagine this God opening up our conditions, and managing them, responding to developments, rewarding us and punishing us, that we may grow alive. As we grow in freedom, we can further imagine a God who guides us, who acts within our conditions to inspire us to make the most of them. We realize that God does not have to be good, life does not have to be fair, but we ourselves can be good. Finally, God lives through us when we participate in cultivating a shared culture, the Kingdom of heaven, where what each of us believes is what happens.

Another narrative familiar to us is that of the "bad child", who wonders, "Am I good?", and comes to realize, "No, I am not good, for I need God, who is greater than me." As the bad child, we do not conceive of anything beyond our conditions, and thus do not distinguish between God and goodness. From this point of view, we discover goodness and it leads us to think more broadly. First, we notice our good fortune, instances of undeserved grace, which suggest that good has a source. Further, there are times when we grow as individuals, and such moments depend on a person's or God's love for us, which acknowledges us for who we are and who we could be, which we can accept as our mould, and thus let go of our old self and take up a new self. Next, there is the standard of an all-around perfect person who I may always choose to live as, and who I can ever compare myself to and openly inform. Finally, in realizing that I am absolutely corrupt in ways that I myself cannot correct, I fully submit to a God whose wisdom and providence is incomparably greater than mine, and who is good enough to overcome any evil.

We thus live by two narratives. As the bad child, we crave goodness, which means that we impose our conditions upon God, and we come to learn that God is greater. As the good child, we appreciate that God is greater than our conditions, and we accept the terms by which God enters our lives: God does not have to be good; life does not have to be fair; and yet we can ourselves be good so that God lives through us.

These two narratives define an eightfold structure by which we imagine, "You are God". I think it is inherent in the prayer "Our Father" which Jesus taught for engaging God. Other eightfold structures which I think leverage this framework are The Beatitudes, St.Peter's Keys to Heaven (2 Pt 1:5-7), Buddha's eightfold way, and even the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory and the major chords of the musical octave.

I have found this structure most evident in my study of the variety of mistakes that we make. In serving others, we may err in our empathy for them, in our expectations for them, in our principle which we apply, and in our judgement by which we apply it. But here in each case we live openly, publicly, one with others, along with God who goes beyond himself: God of God, God of I, God of You and God of All. And so we make mistakes but we do not sin for we are not acting from our own interest.

Yet internally we may also have our own private goal - a conditional goodness - which may indirectly serve all, but may also lead us astray. We can err in our goal, in our effort to achieve that goal, in our will to apply our effort, and in our conscience that our goal may be conditional, but our effort must not be. Thus, in climbing out of our conditions, we must admit of a God beyond conditions. Life is the fact that God is good, but eternal life is understanding that God does not have to be good, life does not have to be fair. We must not insist to be the measure of it, but be ready to let go of ourselves.

Thus the good child variously imagines God, whereas the bad child imagines goodness. From a logical point of view, their positions come together in eight possibilities of a logical square, as to whether godlings are God or not.

The good child imagines how God enters the world, and thus runs through the logical possibilities: originally, all godlings are not God (for God's original decision is beyond us); and, in particular, there is a godling which is not God (for I am not perfect, and as a principle, less than God); and yet there is a godling which is God (in that I expect God and life to treat me unfairly); and indeed all godlings are God (working towards a shared culture of empathy). Thus the good child asserts himself by serving God and then living as God.

The bad child discovers how goodness is rooted beyond this world. First, goodness (as a goal) is a grace manifestly present everywhere. And yet goodness (as an effort) depends on our growth, and so is manifestly ever lacking. Thus goodness (as a will) is a manifest choice to be made by an ideal person within us. Finally, goodness (as a conscience) is the fact that we must ultimately give up ourselves to God before whom all collapses, good and bad. Thus in serving ourselves we are led to give up ourselves, for we as such, without God, are conditional.

We have considered from God's perspective what it means for God to investigate, Is God necessary? This yielded three ways of imagining "I am God". We further imagined how this investigation appears from the point of view of God who arises, yielding eight ways of imagining "You are God". Finally, we consider how this looks from the side, as if objectively, from the point of view of God who acts as a lens. This will yield ten ways of imagining "That is God".

Imagining God's investigation, his retreat and rearisal, as if from the side, we observe his creation of suitable conditions, namely, his love. God himself creates conditions for God to arise. He likewise, in arising, works in tandem with God to create conditions for each other to arise. As a lens, he creates conditions for all to arise. Thus, variously, to the same effect, God loves himself, loves each other and loves all.

Viewed from the side, God's going beyond himself can be considered, as a unity that holds across different stages, different conditions, as experienced by God who understands, beyond conditions.

God prior to conditions is God, and God within conditions is goodness. Life is the fact that God is good, which is the case when God is entering conditions, entering his self. But eternal life is understanding that God does not have to be good, which is the case when God is creating conditions, creating his self.

But a God within conditions, who comes to understand, experiences distinct stages individually. Such a God experiences themselves, within conditions, as "I", and experiences "God" as beyond themselves, beyond conditions. "God" and "I" meet in "You", by which God enters our conditions. "God" and "I" are separated by "Other", who falls outside of our conditions. These various persons manifest the separation between God beyond us, who understands, and God within us, who comes to understand.

This framework is drawn from studying my own imagination. However, if God wants me to know everything, in what form might that knowledge be available to me? It seems reasonable that it be something I can imagine, and most fundamentally, that it match the very limits of my imagination itself. And so, pragmatically, to the extent that there is a God, one who is not cruel, then this investigation yields true knowledge. But regardless of the actual nature of God, it documents and models the kind of God that, by my nature, is inherent in my imagination.

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