手册

数学

发现

Andrius Kulikauskas

  • ms@ms.lt
  • +370 607 27 665
  • My work is in the Public Domain for all to share freely.

Lietuvių kalba

Introduction E9F5FC

Understandable FFFFFF

Questions FFFFC0

Notes EEEEEE

Software

See: Biology discovery

生命


  • Prasmingai apibrėžti biologinę gyvybę.
  • Brėžiniu išdėstyti biologijos šakas.
  • Brėžiniu išdėstyti kūno įvairias apytakas, posistemes.
  • Gyvybę susieti su ketverybe išmąsčius ryšius tarp pastovios aplinkos ir besimainančio vidaus ir besimainančios aplinkos ir pastovaus vidaus.
  • Pasiskaityti apie DNR.
  • What costs do selfishness and nonselfishness incur?
  • Does a system of top down evolution of an environment evolve by the tuning of pressure points, as with divisions of everything? In the way that a global workspace divides itself in the brain?
  • Evolution of an individuals' genes? Or evolution of a populations' genes? To whom do the genes belong and in what way?

Definition of life

  • Life is based on the fixed points in the total environment, the natural places for homeostasis.




Characteristics of Life

  • Homeostasis: regulation of the internal environment to maintain a constant state; for example, sweating to reduce temperature
  • Organization: being structurally composed of one or more cells – the basic units of life
  • Metabolism: transformation of energy by converting chemicals and energy into cellular components (anabolism) and decomposing organic matter (catabolism). Living things require energy to maintain internal organization (homeostasis) and to produce the other phenomena associated with life.
  • Growth: maintenance of a higher rate of anabolism than catabolism. A growing organism increases in size in all of its parts, rather than simply accumulating matter.
  • Adaptation: the ability to change over time in response to the environment. This ability is fundamental to the process of evolution and is determined by the organism's heredity, diet, and external factors.
  • Response to stimuli: a response can take many forms, from the contraction of a unicellular organism to external chemicals, to complex reactions involving all the senses of multicellular organisms. A response is often expressed by motion; for example, the leaves of a plant turning toward the sun (phototropism), and chemotaxis.
  • Reproduction: the ability to produce new individual organisms, either asexually from a single parent organism or sexually from two parent organisms.

Notes

  • Can think of evolutionary variation as a transportation across time to a population with a different distribution of genes and a new environment for that population. Gene distribution and environment change in parallel.

Literature


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Puslapis paskutinį kartą pakeistas 2020 liepos 26 d., 14:32
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