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数学

Discovery

Andrius Kulikauskas

  • ms@ms.lt
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  • My work is in the Public Domain for all to share freely.

Lietuvių kalba

Introduction E9F5FC

Understandable FFFFFF

Questions FFFFC0

Notes EEEEEE

Software

Book.Philosophy istorija

Paslėpti nežymius pakeitimus - Rodyti galutinio teksto pakeitimus

2019 balandžio 02 d., 12:46 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 1 eilutė iš:
[[Philosophy class]]
į:
[[Overview]], [[Philosophy class]]
2019 balandžio 02 d., 12:44 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 1-331 eilutės iš
[[Handbook]], [[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]], [[ShortBook]], [[Readings]]

I taught a Philosophy class in Spring, 2018 at VGTU.

[[Philosophy game]]

[[Attach:PhilosophyKulikauskasSpring2018.pdf | Philosophy - Kulikauskas - Spring, 2018]]


Third class - working on their questions
* What is the key term to define?
* what happens when you play with the definition of that term?
* How can they leverage human experience?
* Thinking of a data question.

What would they ask God?

[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2G_h4mnAMJg | Liminal thinking: Pyramid of Belief]]

Trever Maber: Ladder of Inference

'''Books to acquire'''

* Philosophy in the Flesh - VU Bibliotekoje
* The Doodle Revolution
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Act_of_Creation | The Act of Creation]], Arthur Koestler
* kurtz rapid viz

'''Changes in Requirements'''

Extra Credit: All those who are passing the class will get a one grade increase if they create and play a game to learn the following about the History of Western Philosophy:
* Philosophers
* Geography
* Timeline
* Terms

Attach:HistoryOfWesternPhilosophy.png


'''Thinkers and readings'''

Breaking up the problem solving process

Give short excerpts (1 to 8 pages) from each book....

* Dave Gray, Gamestorming, Chapter 1: What is a Game? (pages 1-14) but especially 9-11
* Dave Gray, Gamestorming, Chapter 2: 10 Essentials for Gamestorming (pages 15-26)
* Dave Gray, Gamestorming, Chapter 3: Core Gamestorming Skills:
** Asking Questions (pages 27-32)
** Creating Artifacts and Meaningful Space (pages 32-38)
** Employing Visual Language (pages 39-48)
** Improvisation (pages 49-52)


* Playing around: Natalie d'Arbeloff, Designing With Natural Forms, Introduction. Water. (pages 11-41)
* The Thinker's Toolkit
* Ways of attacking a problem: How to Solve It
* Visual thinking? The Doodle Revolution

Attach:PhilosophyClass.png

'''First class'''

* Explain that we'll be learning to ask and investigate any question.
* Explain course requirements.
* Explain the group project for creative learning.
* Define: What is philosophy, technology, science, investigation?
* Consider sample questions.
* Explain the stages of the typical investigation. Relate them to the pyramid of belief.
* Note the importance of Whether, What, How, Why.
* Help them figure out their deepest value by considering their ethical system: What they should do and Why they should do it.
* Note how questions are related to deepest values: How can we apply our value: in general, in our own lives, more broadly? Why aren't we applying our value: Why doesn't it exist? Why aren't we living it? Why aren't we thinking about it?

'''Course outline'''

Ask students to watch the video about Liminal thinking and to think about their deepest value in life and their investigatory question.


Ways of knowing everything
* Pythagoras: numbers
* Socrates: not knowing, inquiry
* Plato: ideal forms
* Aristotle: categories
* Aquinas: disputation and divine Scripture - Five proofs of God's existence
* Spinoza:
* Descartes: Discourse on the Method: I think therefore I am...
* Leibnitz:
* Kant:
* Hegel:
* Husserl: self-reflection
* Heidegger: reengaging
* Alexander:
* Lakoff: Philosophy in the Flesh
* Gray: Liminal Thinking

Methods
* Plato: [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophist_(dialogue) | Sophist]]
* Scholastic method
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialectic | Dialectic]]









------------------

* Chapter 1 Philosophy (unsolved riddles), technology (solved riddles) and science (solutions). Philosophy as the pursuit of wisdom about life. Existentialism as our situation in life. Do we know ourselves: What is our deepest value in life? Are we growing further: What is a question that we will investigate? Will consider ways of figuring out. Start with Christopher Alexander's practical question: What makes a building alive? Phenomenology: Can we agree on what is "alive"? Go through Alexander's examples.




* Creativity in Math. The general example of how we figure things out. Overview of a system of the ways of figuring things out. Compare with Descartes' universal problem solving.
* Stephen Toulmin: Uses of Argument. Heidegger's world, Aristotle's techne, Plato's know-how. TRIZ. Other examples of the comprehensive system of figuring things out.
* Ethics: The Algebra of Copyright. Stating more broadly the whole system of ways of figuring things out.

* Conceptual revolutions: "The Astronomical Distance Ladder by Terrence Tao" (watch together).
* A future revolution? Automata. Stephen Wolfram.

Attach:Justice.png

Attach:20170911-Values.png

Attach:PhilosophyClassStudyNotes.png

Organizing examples of what is unjust and what is just. Categories:
* People have to suffer without a reason.
* Lack of equality.
* Greed: You gain, they lose, you don't care.
* Not being helpful.
* Hurting people because they are good.
* Don't treat others with dignity.
* Treating others badly for fun.

Attach:PlatosRepublicOutline.png

---------------------

LIFE - meaning of life, death, capital punishment, failure, social status

* WHY: What is the point of living? What is the most important thing in life?
* HOW: What should be the goal for your life? If I fall then what should I do?
* WHAT: What does success actually mean? What is death and when is death just?
* WHETHER: Is it worse to fail at something or never attempt in the first place?

KNOWING consciousness, truth, integrity, authenticity

* WHY: Is living by the truth essential?
* WHAT: What is the requirement for having awareness? What is truth?

HAPPINESS happiness, eudaimonia, social status, philosophy of happiness

* HOW: What is the best way for a person to attain happiness? How to be happy and how to make other people happy?
* WHAT: What does it mean to live the good life?
* WHETHER: If money can't buy happiness, can you ever be truly happy with no money?

RIGHT & WRONG ethics, peer pressure, social justice, social equality

* HOW: How to be a good person? How does the majority affect us?
* WHAT: What is wrong and what is right? What is right and what is wrong?
* WHETHER: Is equality possible?

Attach:PhilosophyCourseOutline.png

quotes, podcasts, videos, ted talks

Midterm: November 13, Final: December 11

* Facts of real life <=> Language of absolute truth (Give example of thinking in 4D).

Ask Why? you are asking your question.

Find a philosopher who wrote about your question.

Wisdom not interested in anything less. Problem of society - different than the wise man. Warning: Not listening to society but listening to the facts and abstracting from them.

* 1) State your question. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.
* 3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
* 4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.
* 5) Explain what data would be useful for investigating your question. Formulate your data question!
* 6) Group your examples.
* 7) Relate the groups. Think of them as giving different points of view.
* 8) Explain what insight that gives you.

* 1) State the question that you are investigating.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.
* 3) What are some typical answers that people you know give to your question?
* 4) Discuss what one or more philosophers has said about your question.
* 5) Explain what data would be useful for investigating your question. Formulate your data question.
* 6) Give three interesting real life examples relevant for your investigation.
* 7) Explain how you grouped your examples and how you related the groups. What pattern or insight did you find?
* 8) In Plato's Republic, What is Socrates's question?
* 9) How does Socrates investigate his question?
* 10) What are some questions that other students are investigating?
* 11) What ideas do you have for investigating their questions?

* 5 Pass the class: Be able to state one's question.
* 6 Collect typical answers to one's question.
* 7 Research what one or more philosophers have stated.
* 8 Be able to collect real life examples.
* 9 Have ideas for investigating your question.
* 10 Make some progress, such as grouping your examples.

'''Final report'''

Introduction (one page)
* 1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.

Literature (one page)
* 3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
* 4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.

Methodology (one page)
* 5) Explain in detail how you investigated your question.
* 6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.
* 7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.

Data (two or three pages)
* 8) List the real life examples that you are using. Number your examples. A good investigation should have 20 or 30 examples.

Analysis (one page text plus one table and/or diagram)
* 6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
* 7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
* 8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.

Conclusion (one page)
* 9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
* 10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
* 11) Discuss in what ways your conclusions support various thinkers or contradict them.
* 12) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
* 13) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.

---------------

Final exam

* What is philosophy?
* What new questions did their investigation suggest?
* How did Socrates investigate his question, What is justice?
* Write about your favorite philosopher - their life and what you find interesting about their ideas and how they investigated a question.
* List all of the philosophers you know and one interesting sentence about them.
* Compare opinions and real life experiences.
* What are deep structures that you know.

Be able to have an opinion, let go of it, formulate a data question, collect real life examples, analyze the latter, draw a conclusion.

Why are each of these problems? Because we are stupid.

* Nullsome and onesome: God and the World. What point of view is key?
* Twosome: The problem of being. What is basic? The limits of our minds.
* Threesome: The problem of learning, growing, participating. The problem of cognition. How do we figure things out?
* Foursome: Philosophy. What is wisdom? Why.
* Fivesome:
* Sixsome: Good and evil.
* Sevensome: The problem of truth.

---------------------------

I. Filosofijos objektas, jos kilmė ir reikšmė:
* 1.Filosofijos objektas
* I. 2. Filosofijos kilmė
* I. 3. Filosofijos ir mokslo santykis
* I. 4. Filosofija ir kultūra.
II. Būties teorija:
* 1. Daiktų pradai
* II.2. Daiktai ir idėjos
* II.3. Metafizika: būties teorija
* II.4. Dievas ir pasaulis
* II.5. Būties problema šiuolaikinėje filosofijoje
III. Pažinimo problema:
* 1. Pažinimo šaltinis
* III. 2. Racionalizmo ir empirizmo ginčas
* II. 3. Apriorizmas
* III. 4 Apriorizmo negandos
IV. Tiesos problema:
* 1. Klasikinė tiesos samprata
* IV. 2. Akivaizdumo teorija
* IV. 2. Akivaizdumo teorija
* IV. 4. Pragmatinė tiesos samprata
* IV. 5. Tiesa ir tikimybė

Užsakytos filosofijos knygos
* Liminal Thinking
* Gamestorming
* How to Solve It, Polya
* Robert E. Horn, Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century
* Natalie d'Arbeloff
* The Thinker's Toolkit: 14 Powerful Techniques for Problem Solving, Morgan D. Jones
* The Doodle Revolution



[+Philosophy Midterm Report+]

Introduction

* 1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.

Literature

* 3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
* 4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.

Methodology

* 5) Explain how you investigated your question.
* 6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.
* 7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.


Data

* 8) Give 20 real life examples that you are using as data. Number them.

Analysis

* 9) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
* 10) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
* 11) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.

Conclusion

* 12) What are the main conclusions that you have found?
* 13) To what extent have you answered your question? What questions remain further?
* 14) How can you investigate further?
į:
[[Philosophy class]]
2019 balandžio 02 d., 12:44 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-3 eilutės:

I taught a Philosophy class in Spring, 2018 at VGTU.
2018 balandžio 16 d., 21:24 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 6 eilutė:
2018 balandžio 16 d., 19:58 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-3 eilutės:

[[Philosophy game]]
2018 kovo 27 d., 09:30 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 297-300 eilutės iš
1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.

2) Explain why you chose this question.
į:
* 1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.
Pakeistos 302-305 eilutės iš
3) Review typical answers people give to this question.

4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.
į:
* 3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
* 4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.
Pakeistos 307-313 eilutės iš
5) Explain how you investigated your question.

6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.

7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.
į:
* 5) Explain how you investigated your question.
* 6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.
* 7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.
Pakeistos 314-315 eilutės iš
8) Give 20 real life examples that you are using as data. Number them.
į:
* 8) Give 20 real life examples that you are using as data. Number them.
Pakeistos 318-323 eilutės iš
9) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.

10) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.

11) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
į:
* 9) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
* 10) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
* 11) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
Pakeistos 324-327 eilutės iš
12) What are the main conclusions that you have found?

13) To what extent have you answered your question? What questions remain further?
14) How can you investigate further?
į:
* 12) What are the main conclusions that you have found?
* 13) To what extent have you answered your question? What questions remain further?
* 14) How can you investigate further?
2018 kovo 27 d., 09:29 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 289-333 eilutės iš
* The Doodle Revolution
į:
* The Doodle Revolution



[+Philosophy Midterm Report+]

Introduction

1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.

2) Explain why you chose this question.

Literature

3) Review typical answers people give to this question.

4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.

Methodology

5) Explain how you investigated your question.

6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.

7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.


Data

8) Give 20 real life examples that you are using as data. Number them.

Analysis

9) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.

10) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.

11) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.

Conclusion

12) What are the main conclusions that you have found?

13) To what extent have you answered your question? What questions remain further?
14) How can you investigate further?
2018 kovo 01 d., 15:05 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 283-289 eilutės iš
** Liminal Thinking
** Gamestorming
** How to Solve It, Polya
** Robert E. Horn, Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century
** Natalie d'Arbeloff
** The Thinker's Toolkit: 14 Powerful Techniques for Problem Solving, Morgan D. Jones
** The Doodle Revolution
į:
* Liminal Thinking
* Gamestorming
* How to Solve It, Polya
* Robert E. Horn, Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century
* Natalie d'Arbeloff
* The Thinker's Toolkit: 14 Powerful Techniques for Problem Solving, Morgan D. Jones
* The Doodle Revolution
2018 kovo 01 d., 15:05 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 280-289 eilutės iš
* IV. 5. Tiesa ir tikimybė
į:
* IV. 5. Tiesa ir tikimybė

Užsakytos filosofijos knygos
** Liminal Thinking
** Gamestorming
** How to Solve It, Polya
** Robert E. Horn, Visual Language: Global Communication for the 21st Century
** Natalie d'Arbeloff
** The Thinker's Toolkit: 14 Powerful Techniques for Problem Solving, Morgan D. Jones
** The Doodle Revolution
2018 vasario 19 d., 19:27 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 7 eilutė:
* what happens when you play with the definition of that term?
2018 vasario 19 d., 19:27 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 4-8 eilutės:

Third class - working on their questions
* What is the key term to define?
* How can they leverage human experience?
* Thinking of a data question.
2018 vasario 08 d., 12:05 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 251-274 eilutės:
---------------------------

I. Filosofijos objektas, jos kilmė ir reikšmė:
* 1.Filosofijos objektas
* I. 2. Filosofijos kilmė
* I. 3. Filosofijos ir mokslo santykis
* I. 4. Filosofija ir kultūra.
II. Būties teorija:
* 1. Daiktų pradai
* II.2. Daiktai ir idėjos
* II.3. Metafizika: būties teorija
* II.4. Dievas ir pasaulis
* II.5. Būties problema šiuolaikinėje filosofijoje
III. Pažinimo problema:
* 1. Pažinimo šaltinis
* III. 2. Racionalizmo ir empirizmo ginčas
* II. 3. Apriorizmas
* III. 4 Apriorizmo negandos
IV. Tiesos problema:
* 1. Klasikinė tiesos samprata
* IV. 2. Akivaizdumo teorija
* IV. 2. Akivaizdumo teorija
* IV. 4. Pragmatinė tiesos samprata
* IV. 5. Tiesa ir tikimybė
2018 vasario 06 d., 08:28 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 48-49 eilutės:

Attach:PhilosophyClass.png
2018 vasario 05 d., 22:29 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-3 eilutės:

[[Attach:PhilosophyKulikauskasSpring2018.pdf | Philosophy - Kulikauskas - Spring, 2018]]
2018 vasario 05 d., 19:53 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 51 eilutė iš:
* Explain the group project.
į:
* Explain the group project for creative learning.
Pakeistos 54-56 eilutės iš
* Explain the stages of the typical investigation.
* Help them figure out their deepest value by considering What they should do and Why they should do it.
į:
* Explain the stages of the typical investigation. Relate them to the pyramid of belief.
* Note the importance of Whether, What, How,
Why.
* Help them figure out their deepest value by considering their ethical system: What they should do and Why they should do
it.
* Note how questions are related to deepest values: How can we apply our value: in general, in our own lives, more broadly? Why aren't we applying our value: Why doesn't it exist? Why aren't we living it? Why aren't we thinking about it?
2018 vasario 05 d., 19:23 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 53 eilutė:
* Consider sample questions.
2018 vasario 05 d., 19:17 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 51 eilutė:
* Explain the group project.
2018 vasario 05 d., 19:16 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 47-55 eilutės iš
į:
'''First class'''

* Explain that we'll be learning to ask and investigate any question.
* Explain course requirements.
* Define: What is philosophy, technology, science, investigation?
* Explain the stages of the typical investigation.
* Help them figure out their deepest value by considering What they should do and Why they should do it.
Ištrintos 58-61 eilutės:

1) Introduction: What is philosophy, technology, science, investigation?
2018 vasario 05 d., 13:08 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 14 eilutė:
* kurtz rapid viz
2018 vasario 05 d., 11:05 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 11 eilutė iš:
* Philosophy in the Flesh
į:
* Philosophy in the Flesh - VU Bibliotekoje
2018 vasario 05 d., 10:29 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 9-10 eilutės iš
'''Books to buy'''
į:
'''Books to acquire'''
Pridėta 13 eilutė:
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Act_of_Creation | The Act of Creation]], Arthur Koestler
2018 vasario 05 d., 09:30 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-3 eilutės:

What would they ask God?
2018 vasario 05 d., 08:27 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 4-5 eilutės:

Trever Maber: Ladder of Inference
2018 vasario 05 d., 08:05 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-3 eilutės:

[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2G_h4mnAMJg | Liminal thinking: Pyramid of Belief]]
2018 vasario 05 d., 08:03 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-6 eilutės:

'''Books to buy'''

* Philosophy in the Flesh
* The Doodle Revolution
2018 vasario 04 d., 23:40 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 32 eilutė:
* Visual thinking? The Doodle Revolution
2018 vasario 04 d., 23:11 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 16-19 eilutės iš
į:
Breaking up the problem solving process

Give short excerpts (1 to 8 pages) from each book....
Pakeistos 28-29 eilutės iš
Give short excerpts (up to 5 pages) from each book....
*
Natalie d'Arbeloff, Designing With Natural Forms, Introduction. Water. (pages 11-41)
į:

* Playing around:
Natalie d'Arbeloff, Designing With Natural Forms, Introduction. Water. (pages 11-41)
Pakeista 31 eilutė iš:
* How to Solve It
į:
* Ways of attacking a problem: How to Solve It
2018 vasario 04 d., 23:02 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 5 eilutė iš:
Add surprise quizzes to participation grade:
į:
Extra Credit: All those who are passing the class will get a one grade increase if they create and play a game to learn the following about the History of Western Philosophy:
Ištrintos 13-19 eilutės:
'''Course outline'''

Ask students to watch the video about Liminal thinking and to think about their deepest value in life and their investigatory question.

1) Introduction: What is philosophy, technology, science, investigation?
Pridėtos 15-38 eilutės:


* Dave Gray, Gamestorming, Chapter 1: What is a Game? (pages 1-14) but especially 9-11
* Dave Gray, Gamestorming, Chapter 2: 10 Essentials for Gamestorming (pages 15-26)
* Dave Gray, Gamestorming, Chapter 3: Core Gamestorming Skills:
** Asking Questions (pages 27-32)
** Creating Artifacts and Meaningful Space (pages 32-38)
** Employing Visual Language (pages 39-48)
** Improvisation (pages 49-52)

Give short excerpts (up to 5 pages) from each book....
* Natalie d'Arbeloff, Designing With Natural Forms, Introduction. Water. (pages 11-41)
* The Thinker's Toolkit
* How to Solve It


'''Course outline'''

Ask students to watch the video about Liminal thinking and to think about their deepest value in life and their investigatory question.

1) Introduction: What is philosophy, technology, science, investigation?

2018 vasario 04 d., 22:12 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 11-23 eilutės iš

Philosophers
: Observer (Inner reality) vs. Observed (Outer reality)
* Socrates plus Plato vs. Aristotle
* Aquinas
* vs. Descartes vs. Locke
* Hume vs. Kant
* Wittgenstein vs. Heidegger

Great religious thinkers:
* Jesus, Buddha, Confucius, Lao Tze

Great scientists:
* Newton
į:
Attach:HistoryOfWesternPhilosophy.png
2018 vasario 04 d., 21:00 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 12 eilutė iš:
Philosophers: Inner reality vs. Outer reality
į:
Philosophers: Observer (Inner reality) vs. Observed (Outer reality)
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:59 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 18-23 eilutės:

Great religious thinkers:
* Jesus, Buddha, Confucius, Lao Tze

Great scientists:
* Newton
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:48 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 10-18 eilutės:


Philosophers: Inner reality vs. Outer reality
* Socrates plus Plato vs. Aristotle
* Aquinas
* vs. Descartes vs. Locke
* Hume vs. Kant
* Wittgenstein vs. Heidegger
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:30 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 3-9 eilutės:
'''Changes in Requirements'''

Add surprise quizzes to participation grade:
* Philosophers
* Geography
* Timeline
* Terms
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:24 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 1 eilutė iš:
[[Handbook]], [[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]], [[ShortBook]]
į:
[[Handbook]], [[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]], [[ShortBook]], [[Readings]]
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:24 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 1 eilutė iš:
[[Handbook]], [[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]]
į:
[[Handbook]], [[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]], [[ShortBook]]
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:21 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 1 eilutė iš:
[[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]]
į:
[[Handbook]], [[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]]
2018 vasario 04 d., 20:16 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 1 eilutė iš:
[[Mintys/Platonas]]
į:
[[Mintys/Platonas]], [[EthicsCourse]]
2018 vasario 04 d., 17:31 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 2-8 eilutės:


'''Course outline'''

Ask students to watch the video about Liminal thinking and to think about their deepest value in life and their investigatory question.

1) Introduction: What is philosophy, technology, science, investigation?
2018 vasario 01 d., 18:20 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 20-21 eilutės:
* Lakoff: Philosophy in the Flesh
* Gray: Liminal Thinking
2018 vasario 01 d., 18:16 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 24 eilutė:
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialectic | Dialectic]]
2018 vasario 01 d., 18:14 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 20-23 eilutės:

Methods
* Plato: [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophist_(dialogue) | Sophist]]
* Scholastic method
2018 vasario 01 d., 17:59 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 13 eilutė iš:
* Descartes: ...Reading: I think therefore I am...
į:
* Descartes: Discourse on the Method: I think therefore I am...
Pridėta 19 eilutė:
* Alexander:
2018 vasario 01 d., 17:57 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 13 eilutė iš:
* Descartes:
į:
* Descartes: ...Reading: I think therefore I am...
2018 vasario 01 d., 17:57 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 4-13 eilutės iš







į:
'''Thinkers and readings'''

Ways of knowing everything
* Pythagoras: numbers
* Socrates: not knowing, inquiry
* Plato: ideal forms
* Aristotle: categories
* Aquinas: disputation and divine Scripture - Five proofs of God's existence
* Spinoza:
* Descartes:
* Leibnitz:
* Kant:
* Hegel:
* Husserl: self-reflection
* Heidegger: reengaging









------------------
2018 vasario 01 d., 17:52 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 3-36 eilutės iš
Relating Plato's Republic and Investigating Questions

* 1) Introducing the question: What is justice? Preliminary discussion. Looking for contradictions.
* Chapter 3? Robert Horn: Visual language. Gamestorming. Working together.

* 2a) Thought experiment: Imagining extremes. Is it better to be just or to seem just?
* Stepping in and stepping out. Truths of the heart and truths of the world. Emotional responses. Counterquestions. Needs, operating principles.

* 2b) Thought experiment: Analogy of a person and a city. How does justice arise?
* Using the relevant data.

* 3) Subquestion: What mindset, what training is required for justice
* Training required for deepest value, and for thinking.

* 4) Drawing a principle from a structure: Identifying justice in the structure of the city
* Chapter 4? The quality without a name. Structuralism: how to talk about absolutes. Finding a place to start: (Descartes - doubting). Everything. Divisions of everything: twosome, threesome, foursome. Many examples, especially the importance of the three-cycle in investigation (I think therefore I am). Representations.

* 5) Facing challenges to radical ideas: A) Equality of men and women. B) Children raised by the state. C) State ruled by a philosopher.
* Natalie d'Arbeloff. Hands-on work. Circle folding. The kinds of opposites.

* 6) Describing the basis of a radical idea: the abstract thinking required for the study of the Good.
* Beauty as a guide in mathematics. Mandelbrot set vs. Simplex. Twelve topologies (and Kant's twelve categories). Fifteen principles of life. Wholeness transformations.

* 7) Explaining what makes the radical idea difficult: the story of the Cave.
* Context. Plato's Republic: cave. Obstacles by the system we live in (Alexander, Saranka). Plato's microscope. Buckminster Fuller - poet-prophet. Talking to the Universe.

* 8) Understanding deviations that make the idea unusual: the unjust cities.
* Chapter 5? Patterns: structure/activity/tensions. How to document them. How they come together in a pattern language.

* 9) Comparing the extreme cases: the philosopher and the tyrant.
* Six visualizations: Morgan D. Jones. Software tools for Thinking. Unified Modeling Language. Paradoxes.

* 10) Drawing conclusions about human nature based on what we've learned about our weaknesses. And new questions!
* Chapter 2? Buckminster Fuller's question? Deepest values. Investigatory questions. The method of classifying and organizing.
į:








2017 gruodžio 12 d., 07:18 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 170 eilutė:
* What is philosophy?
Pakeistos 172-176 eilutės iš
* Write about your favorite philosopher - their life and what you find interesting about their ideas.
į:
* How did Socrates investigate his question, What is justice?
* Write about your favorite philosopher -
their life and what you find interesting about their ideas and how they investigated a question.
* List all of the philosophers you know and one interesting sentence about them.
* Compare opinions and real life experiences.
* What are deep structures that you know
.
2017 gruodžio 10 d., 08:17 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 155-158 eilutės iš
6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
į:
* 6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
* 7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
* 8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
Pakeistos 160-164 eilutės iš
9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
11) Discuss in what ways your conclusions support various thinkers or contradict them.
12) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
13) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
į:
* 9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
* 10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
* 11) Discuss in what ways your conclusions support various thinkers or contradict them.
* 12) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
* 13) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
2017 gruodžio 10 d., 08:16 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 155-158 eilutės iš
* 6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
* 7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
* 8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
į:
6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
Pakeistos 160-163 eilutės iš
* 9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
* 10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
* 11) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
* 12)
State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
į:
9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
11) Discuss in what ways your conclusions support various thinkers or contradict them.
12) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
13
) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 19:47 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 170 eilutė iš:
* Write about your favorite philosopher - their life and what you like about their ideas.
į:
* Write about your favorite philosopher - their life and what you find interesting about their ideas.
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 19:47 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 170 eilutė:
* Write about your favorite philosopher - their life and what you like about their ideas.
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 19:05 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 173 eilutė iš:
Why are each of these problems?
į:
Why are each of these problems? Because we are stupid.
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 19:04 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 172-173 eilutės:

Why are each of these problems?
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 19:02 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 169-172 eilutės:
* What new questions did their investigation suggest?

Be able to have an opinion, let go of it, formulate a data question, collect real life examples, analyze the latter, draw a conclusion.
Pakeistos 175-176 eilutės iš
* Threesome:
* Foursome: The problem of cognition. How do we figure things out?
į:
* Threesome: The problem of learning, growing, participating. The problem of cognition. How do we figure things out?
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 18:52 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 169-174 eilutės iš
* Philosophy. What is wisdom? Foursome: Why.
* The problem
of being. What is basic? The limits of our minds.
* God and the World. What point of view is key?
* The problem of cognition. How do we figure things out?
* The problem of truth.
* Good and evil.
į:
* Nullsome and onesome: God and the World. What point of view is key?
* Twosome: The problem of being. What is basic? The limits of our minds.
* Threesome:
* Foursome: The problem of cognition. How do we figure things out?
* Foursome: Philosophy. What is wisdom? Why.
* Fivesome:
* Sixsome: Good and evil.
* Sevensome: The problem of truth.
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 18:46 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 169-175 eilutės iš
* What is philosophy?

Problems
* Being
* Good and evil
* Cognition
į:
* Philosophy. What is wisdom? Foursome: Why.
* The problem of being. What is basic? The limits of our minds.
* God and the World. What point of view is key?
* The problem of cognition. How do we figure things out?
* The problem of truth.
* Good and evil.
2017 gruodžio 08 d., 18:21 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 163-175 eilutės iš
* 12) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
į:
* 12) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.

---------------

Final exam

* What is philosophy?

Problems
* Being
* Good and evil
* Cognition
2017 lapkričio 29 d., 17:16 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 139-141 eilutės iš
1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
2) Explain why you chose this question.
į:
* 1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.
Pakeistos 143-145 eilutės iš
3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.
į:
* 3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
* 4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.
Pakeistos 147-150 eilutės iš
5) Explain in detail how you investigated your question.
6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.
7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.
į:
* 5) Explain in detail how you investigated your question.
* 6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.
* 7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.
Pakeistos 152-153 eilutės iš
8) List the real life examples that you are using. Number your examples. A good investigation should have 20 or 30 examples.
į:
* 8) List the real life examples that you are using. Number your examples. A good investigation should have 20 or 30 examples.
Pakeistos 155-158 eilutės iš
6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
į:
* 6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
* 7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
* 8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.
Pakeistos 160-163 eilutės iš
9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
11) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
12) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
į:
* 9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
* 10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
* 11) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
* 12) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion.
2017 lapkričio 29 d., 17:15 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 134-163 eilutės iš
* 10 Make some progress, such as grouping your examples.
į:
* 10 Make some progress, such as grouping your examples.

'''Final report'''

Introduction (one page)
1) State the question you are investigating. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
2) Explain why you chose this question.

Literature (one page)
3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.

Methodology (one page)
5) Explain in detail how you investigated your question.
6) Explain what kind of data from real life you need to investigate your question.
7) Formulate your data question with which you collected your data.

Data (two or three pages)
8) List the real life examples that you are using. Number your examples. A good investigation should have 20 or 30 examples.

Analysis (one page text plus one table and/or diagram)
6) Discuss your examples. You can break your examples into features or factors, what makes them the different or the same.
7) Group your examples. You can refer to them by number. You can make a table to show what factors they have.
8) Relate your groups. Think of them as giving different points of view. Draw a structure of how you think they are related.

Conclusion (one page)
9) Explain what you have learned from your analysis.
10) Discuss how true you think your answer is. What aspects of your investigation are more certain, and which are more doubtful.
11) Discuss what might be practical applications of the knowledge you have gained for you and for others.
12) State what new questions arise from your investigation and your conclusion
.
2017 lapkričio 19 d., 21:18 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 127-134 eilutės iš
* 11) What ideas do you have for investigating their questions?
į:
* 11) What ideas do you have for investigating their questions?

* 5 Pass the class: Be able to state one's question.
* 6 Collect typical answers to one's question.
* 7 Research what one or more philosophers have stated.
* 8 Be able to collect real life examples.
* 9 Have ideas for investigating your question.
* 10 Make some progress, such as grouping your examples.
2017 lapkričio 19 d., 21:18 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 115-127 eilutės iš
* 8) Explain what insight that gives you.
į:
* 8) Explain what insight that gives you.

* 1) State the question that you are investigating.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.
* 3) What are some typical answers that people you know give to your question?
* 4) Discuss what one or more philosophers has said about your question.
* 5) Explain what data would be useful for investigating your question. Formulate your data question.
* 6) Give three interesting real life examples relevant for your investigation.
* 7) Explain how you grouped your examples and how you related the groups. What pattern or insight did you find?
* 8) In Plato's Republic, What is Socrates's question?
* 9) How does Socrates investigate his question?
* 10) What are some questions that other students are investigating?
* 11) What ideas do you have for investigating their questions?
2017 spalio 30 d., 06:28 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 106-115 eilutės iš
Wisdom not interested in anything less. Problem of society - different than the wise man. Warning: Not listening to society but listening to the facts and abstracting from them.
į:
Wisdom not interested in anything less. Problem of society - different than the wise man. Warning: Not listening to society but listening to the facts and abstracting from them.

* 1) State your question. Explain what it means. Explain your terms.
* 2) Explain why you chose this question.
* 3) Review typical answers people give to this question.
* 4) Review what one or more philosophers have said about this question.
* 5) Explain what data would be useful for investigating your question. Formulate your data question!
* 6) Group your examples.
* 7) Relate the groups. Think of them as giving different points of view.
* 8) Explain what insight that gives you
.
2017 spalio 17 d., 22:47 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 98-106 eilutės iš
Midterm: November 13, Final: December 11
į:
Midterm: November 13, Final: December 11

* Facts of real life <=> Language of absolute truth (Give example of thinking in 4D).

Ask Why? you are asking your question.

Find a philosopher who wrote about your question.

Wisdom not interested in anything less. Problem of society - different than the wise man. Warning: Not listening to society but listening to the facts and abstracting from them.
2017 spalio 09 d., 07:41 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 98 eilutė iš:
Midterm: November 6, Final: December 11
į:
Midterm: November 13, Final: December 11
2017 spalio 09 d., 06:36 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 96-98 eilutės iš
quotes, podcasts, videos, ted talks
į:
quotes, podcasts, videos, ted talks

Midterm: November 6, Final: December 11
2017 spalio 08 d., 21:34 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 77-81 eilutės:
KNOWING consciousness, truth, integrity, authenticity

* WHY: Is living by the truth essential?
* WHAT: What is the requirement for having awareness? What is truth?
Ištrintos 86-90 eilutės:

KNOWING consciousness, truth, integrity, authenticity

* WHY: Is living by the truth essential?
* WHAT: What is the requirement for having awareness? What is truth?
2017 spalio 08 d., 13:20 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 83-84 eilutės iš
KNOWING
į:
KNOWING consciousness, truth, integrity, authenticity
Pakeista 88 eilutė iš:
RIGHT & WRONG
į:
RIGHT & WRONG ethics, peer pressure, social justice, social equality
2017 spalio 08 d., 13:13 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 77 eilutė iš:
HAPPINESS
į:
HAPPINESS happiness, eudaimonia, social status, philosophy of happiness
2017 spalio 08 d., 13:07 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 70-71 eilutės iš
LIFE - meaning of life, death, capital punishment, failure
į:
LIFE - meaning of life, death, capital punishment, failure, social status
Pakeista 96 eilutė iš:
quotes, podcasts
į:
quotes, podcasts, videos, ted talks
2017 spalio 08 d., 12:55 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 70 eilutė iš:
LIFE - meaning of life, death, capital punishment
į:
LIFE - meaning of life, death, capital punishment, failure
2017 spalio 08 d., 12:48 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 70 eilutė iš:
LIFE - meaning of life, capital punishment
į:
LIFE - meaning of life, death, capital punishment
2017 spalio 08 d., 12:46 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 70-71 eilutės iš
LIFE - meaning of life
į:
LIFE - meaning of life, capital punishment
Pakeistos 94-96 eilutės iš
Attach:PhilosophyCourseOutline.png
į:
Attach:PhilosophyCourseOutline.png

quotes, podcasts
2017 spalio 08 d., 12:15 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 70 eilutė iš:
LIFE
į:
LIFE - meaning of life
2017 spalio 04 d., 20:23 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 94 eilutė:
Attach:PhilosophyCourseOutline.png
2017 spalio 04 d., 19:47 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 72-87 eilutės iš
WHY: What is the most important thing in life?
WHY: What is the point of living
?
WHY: What should be the goal for your life?
HOW: If I fall then what should I do?
WHAT: What is death and when is death just?
WHAT: What does success actually mean
?
WHETHER: Is it worse to fail at something or never attempt in the first place?

RIGHT & WRONG

HOW: How to be a good person?
HOW: How does the majority affect us?
WHAT: What is wrong and what is right?
WHAT: What is right and what is wrong?
WHETHER: Is equality possible
?
į:
* WHY: What is the point of living? What is the most important thing in life?
* HOW: What should be the goal for your
life? If I fall then what should I do?
* WHAT: What does success actually mean? What is death and when is death just?
* WHETHER: Is it worse to fail at something or never attempt in the first place?
Pakeistos 79-83 eilutės iš
HOW: How to be happy and how to make other people happy?
HOW: What is the best way for a person to attain happiness?
WHAT: What does it mean to live the good life?
WHETHER: If money can't buy happiness, can you ever be truly happy with no money?
į:
* HOW: What is the best way for a person to attain happiness? How to be happy and how to make other people happy?
* WHAT: What does it mean to live the good life?
* WHETHER: If money can't buy happiness, can you ever be truly happy with no money?
Pakeistos 85-109 eilutės iš
WHY: Is living by the truth essential?
WHAT: What is the requirement for having awareness?
WHAT: What is truth?




















į:
* WHY: Is living by the truth essential?
* WHAT: What is the requirement for having awareness? What is truth?

RIGHT & WRONG

* HOW: How to be a good person? How does the majority affect us?
* WHAT: What is wrong and what is right? What is right and what is wrong?
* WHETHER: Is equality possible?
2017 spalio 04 d., 19:41 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 74-75 eilutės:
WHY: What should be the goal for your life?
HOW: If I fall then what should I do?
Pakeistos 77-78 eilutės iš
į:
WHAT: What does success actually mean?
WHETHER: Is it worse to fail at something or never attempt in the first place?
Pakeistos 82-83 eilutės iš
HOW:
į:
HOW: How to be a good person?
HOW: How does the majority affect us?
Pakeistos 86-87 eilutės iš
WHETHER:
į:
WHETHER: Is equality possible?
Pakeistos 90-91 eilutės iš
HOW:
į:
HOW: How to be happy and how to make other people happy?
HOW: What is the best way for a person to attain happiness?
Pakeistos 93-94 eilutės iš
WHETHER:
į:
WHETHER: If money can't buy happiness, can you ever be truly happy with no money?
Pakeistos 97-144 eilutės iš
WHY:
WHAT:
WHETHER:

GOAL

WHY:
HOW:
WHAT:








How does the majority affect us
?

Is it worse to fail at something or never attempt in the first place?



What is the best way for a person to attain happiness?



If money can't buy happiness, can you ever be truly happy with no money?

What is the requirement for having awareness?

What is truth?

What should be the goal for your life?

How to be a good person?



Is living by the truth essential?

Is equality possible?

If I fall then what should I do?

What does success actually mean?

How to be happy and how to make other people happy?
į:
WHY: Is living by the truth essential?
WHAT: What is the requirement for having awareness?
WHAT
: What is truth?


















2017 spalio 04 d., 19:31 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 66-142 eilutės iš
Attach:PlatosRepublicOutline.png
į:
Attach:PlatosRepublicOutline.png

---------------------

LIFE

WHY: What is the most important thing in life?
WHY: What is the point of living?
WHAT: What is death and when is death just?


RIGHT & WRONG

HOW:
WHAT: What is wrong and what is right?
WHAT: What is right and what is wrong?
WHETHER:

HAPPINESS

HOW:
WHAT: What does it mean to live the good life?
WHETHER:

KNOWING

WHY:
WHAT:
WHETHER:

GOAL

WHY:
HOW:
WHAT:








How does the majority affect us?

Is it worse to fail at something or never attempt in the first place?



What is the best way for a person to attain happiness?



If money can't buy happiness, can you ever be truly happy with no money?

What is the requirement for having awareness?

What is truth?

What should be the goal for your life?

How to be a good person?



Is living by the truth essential?

Is equality possible?

If I fall then what should I do?

What does success actually mean?

How to be happy and how to make other people happy?

2017 spalio 03 d., 13:24 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 1-2 eilutės:
[[Mintys/Platonas]]
2017 spalio 03 d., 12:36 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 62-64 eilutės iš
* Treating others badly for fun.
į:
* Treating others badly for fun.

Attach:PlatosRepublicOutline.png
2017 rugsėjo 26 d., 12:08 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 53-62 eilutės iš
Attach:PhilosophyClassStudyNotes.png
į:
Attach:PhilosophyClassStudyNotes.png

Organizing examples of what is unjust and what is just. Categories:
* People have to suffer without a reason.
* Lack of equality.
* Greed: You gain, they lose, you don't care.
* Not being helpful.
* Hurting people because they are good.
* Don't treat others with dignity.
* Treating others badly for fun.
2017 rugsėjo 17 d., 23:29 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 51 eilutė:
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2017 rugsėjo 17 d., 23:22 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeista 49 eilutė iš:
į:
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2017 rugsėjo 10 d., 11:14 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 10-12 eilutės iš
* 3) Subquestion: What mindset, what training is required for justice?
į:
* Using the relevant data.

* 3) Subquestion: What mindset, what training is required for
justice
* Training required for deepest value, and for thinking.
Pakeistos 16-17 eilutės iš
į:
* Chapter 4? The quality without a name. Structuralism: how to talk about absolutes. Finding a place to start: (Descartes - doubting). Everything. Divisions of everything: twosome, threesome, foursome. Many examples, especially the importance of the three-cycle in investigation (I think therefore I am). Representations.
Pakeistos 19-20 eilutės iš
į:
* Natalie d'Arbeloff. Hands-on work. Circle folding. The kinds of opposites.
Pakeistos 22-23 eilutės iš
į:
* Beauty as a guide in mathematics. Mandelbrot set vs. Simplex. Twelve topologies (and Kant's twelve categories). Fifteen principles of life. Wholeness transformations.
Pakeistos 25-26 eilutės iš
* Natalie d'Arbeloff. Hands-on work. Circle folding. The kinds of opposites.
į:
* Context. Plato's Republic: cave. Obstacles by the system we live in (Alexander, Saranka). Plato's microscope. Buckminster Fuller - poet-prophet. Talking to the Universe.
Pakeistos 28-29 eilutės iš
į:
* Chapter 5? Patterns: structure/activity/tensions. How to document them. How they come together in a pattern language.
Pakeistos 31-32 eilutės iš
į:
* Six visualizations: Morgan D. Jones. Software tools for Thinking. Unified Modeling Language. Paradoxes.
Ištrintos 33-35 eilutės:


* Chapter 1 Philosophy (unsolved riddles), technology (solved riddles) and science (solutions). Philosophy as the pursuit of wisdom about life. Existentialism as our situation in life. Do we know ourselves: What is our deepest value in life? Are we growing further: What is a question that we will investigate? Will consider ways of figuring out. Start with Christopher Alexander's practical question: What makes a building alive? Phenomenology: Can we agree on what is "alive"? Go through Alexander's examples.
Pakeistos 36-41 eilutės iš
* Chapter 4? The quality without a name. Structuralism: how to talk about absolutes. Finding a place to start: (Descartes - doubting). Everything. Divisions of everything: twosome, threesome, foursome. Many examples, especially the importance of the three-cycle in investigation (I think therefore I am). Representations.
* Chapter 5? Patterns: structure/activity/tensions. How to document them. How they come together in a pattern language.

* Beauty as
a guide in mathematics. Mandelbrot set vs. Simplex. Twelve topologies (and Kant's twelve categories). Fifteen principles of life. Wholeness transformations.
* Six visualizations: Morgan D. Jones. Software tools for Thinking. Unified Modeling Language. Paradoxes.
į:
* Chapter 1 Philosophy (unsolved riddles), technology (solved riddles) and science (solutions). Philosophy as the pursuit of wisdom about life. Existentialism as our situation in life. Do we know ourselves: What is our deepest value in life? Are we growing further: What is a question that we will investigate? Will consider ways of figuring out. Start with Christopher Alexander's practical question: What makes a building alive? Phenomenology: Can we agree on what is "alive"? Go through Alexander's examples.

Pakeista 45 eilutė iš:
* Context. Plato's Republic: cave. Obstacles by the system we live in (Alexander, Saranka). Plato's microscope. Buckminster Fuller - poet-prophet. Talking to the Universe.
į:
2017 rugsėjo 10 d., 09:19 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pakeistos 4-5 eilutės iš
į:
* Chapter 3? Robert Horn: Visual language. Gamestorming. Working together.
Pakeistos 7-8 eilutės iš
į:
* Stepping in and stepping out. Truths of the heart and truths of the world. Emotional responses. Counterquestions. Needs, operating principles.
Pakeistos 20-21 eilutės iš
į:
* Natalie d'Arbeloff. Hands-on work. Circle folding. The kinds of opposites.
Pridėtos 27-43 eilutės:


* Chapter 1 Philosophy (unsolved riddles), technology (solved riddles) and science (solutions). Philosophy as the pursuit of wisdom about life. Existentialism as our situation in life. Do we know ourselves: What is our deepest value in life? Are we growing further: What is a question that we will investigate? Will consider ways of figuring out. Start with Christopher Alexander's practical question: What makes a building alive? Phenomenology: Can we agree on what is "alive"? Go through Alexander's examples.
* Chapter 2? Buckminster Fuller's question? Deepest values. Investigatory questions. The method of classifying and organizing.

* Chapter 4? The quality without a name. Structuralism: how to talk about absolutes. Finding a place to start: (Descartes - doubting). Everything. Divisions of everything: twosome, threesome, foursome. Many examples, especially the importance of the three-cycle in investigation (I think therefore I am). Representations.
* Chapter 5? Patterns: structure/activity/tensions. How to document them. How they come together in a pattern language.

* Beauty as a guide in mathematics. Mandelbrot set vs. Simplex. Twelve topologies (and Kant's twelve categories). Fifteen principles of life. Wholeness transformations.
* Six visualizations: Morgan D. Jones. Software tools for Thinking. Unified Modeling Language. Paradoxes.

* Creativity in Math. The general example of how we figure things out. Overview of a system of the ways of figuring things out. Compare with Descartes' universal problem solving.
* Stephen Toulmin: Uses of Argument. Heidegger's world, Aristotle's techne, Plato's know-how. TRIZ. Other examples of the comprehensive system of figuring things out.
* Ethics: The Algebra of Copyright. Stating more broadly the whole system of ways of figuring things out.
* Context. Plato's Republic: cave. Obstacles by the system we live in (Alexander, Saranka). Plato's microscope. Buckminster Fuller - poet-prophet. Talking to the Universe.
* Conceptual revolutions: "The Astronomical Distance Ladder by Terrence Tao" (watch together).
* A future revolution? Automata. Stephen Wolfram.
2017 rugsėjo 10 d., 09:08 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 1-2 eilutės:
Relating Plato's Republic and Investigating Questions
Pridėta 4 eilutė:
Pridėta 6 eilutė:
Pridėta 8 eilutė:
Pakeistos 10-12 eilutės iš
* 4) Drawing a principle from a structure: Identifying justice in the structure of the city.
į:
* 4) Drawing a principle from a structure: Identifying justice in the structure of the city
Pridėta 14 eilutė:
Pridėta 16 eilutė:
Pridėta 18 eilutė:
Pridėta 20 eilutė:
Pridėta 22 eilutė:
2017 rugsėjo 10 d., 09:06 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėtos 1-15 eilutės:
* 1) Introducing the question: What is justice? Preliminary discussion. Looking for contradictions.
* 2a) Thought experiment: Imagining extremes. Is it better to be just or to seem just?
* 2b) Thought experiment: Analogy of a person and a city. How does justice arise?
* 3) Subquestion: What mindset, what training is required for justice?
* 4) Drawing a principle from a structure: Identifying justice in the structure of the city.
* 5) Facing challenges to radical ideas: A) Equality of men and women. B) Children raised by the state. C) State ruled by a philosopher.
* 6) Describing the basis of a radical idea: the abstract thinking required for the study of the Good.
* 7) Explaining what makes the radical idea difficult: the story of the Cave.
* 8) Understanding deviations that make the idea unusual: the unjust cities.
* 9) Comparing the extreme cases: the philosopher and the tyrant.
* 10) Drawing conclusions about human nature based on what we've learned about our weaknesses. And new questions!


2017 kovo 13 d., 21:12 atliko AndriusKulikauskas -
Pridėta 1 eilutė:
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Philosophy


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